Police and Prison


Anger Services for Correctional Institutions 
Leonard Ingram leads training programs for inmates and correctional professionals to learn how to properly manage the anger of detainment.

Call (312) 490-4301 to schedule your customized anger clinic or program.

About our training programs  
Training programs available
Suggested reading materials

About the Training Programs

Program Rationale 
Individuals held in custody for legal and other reasons, will exhibit a predictable range and order of psycho-emotional responses to their loss of freedom. In addition to denial, shock, grief and so forth, perhaps the most obvious, and most dangerous response, is ANGER AND RAGE. The experience of freedom is the most fundamental psychological and emotional need of every normal human being. And whenever the sense of freedom is lost, restricted, interfered with and "detained", we will become very angry--often to the point of violence at any person (the "detainer") or any situation (social, political, etc) that we feel is responsible for the lost of our freedom.

When the anger becomes too much, and the individuals ability to managed it too inadequate, the result is always violence, rage, chaos and destruction. The problem is NOT anger, the PROBLEM is the mismanagement of anger! When the detainee does not know how to manage his anger appropriately, he will mismanage it to point of rage and violent behavior every single time. For many individuals, the natural agony and anguish of the lost or restriction of their freedom is further compounded, and exacerbated, by their preexistent feelings of self-contempt and victimization. They perceive every reversal in their case, major or minor, as if they were being "singled out" by others, by fate or the "system" for special punishment. They are carrying within themselves, a "victim mind-set" formed by their negative childhood experiences (sexual and physical abuse, etc.) and by their own negative Socio-Cultural experiences (racism, sexism, etc.).

They are predisposed to perceive adverse situations where no adverse situations exist. They perceive victimization when no victimization is intended. The "perceived" victimization make him/her feel as angry as real, and actual events, do. When this kind of individual's freedom is "detained", their natural anger response is psychologically escalated to a level of chronic, obsessive and compulsive rage. And then, they suffer far more than they need to throughout the whole ordeal of their detainment and lost of freedom. They suffer from the "mistaken" conviction that 
(1) life "should" be fair and 
(2) that it IS fair to others, and 
(3) that it is not fair to them!

The perceived "unfairness" of life makes them even angrier. They cannot understand why they are singled out and being victimized/punished. Their definition and concept of what is "fair" is the same one they formed as children: "Everybody should get the same numbers of cookies." That is not fairness...that is the definition of "sameness". It is not based on merit and accountability.

The negative attitudes which predispose many individuals to mismanage their natural anger at the loss of their freedom exist below the level of conscious awareness. And the role their own deeds and actions have played in the creation of their dilemma, do not affect their unconscious attitudes. They were learned "emotionally", and cannot be unlearned by only an intellectual process. Their feelings of Self Respect must be first restored through a therapeutic process. Unself-respecting people (self-contempt) are more vulnerable to the victim syndrome than their self-respecting counter-parts.

Unless therapeutically intervened, many detainees in the correctional system will continue to display super anger/rage and the violent behavior that goes with it throughout the whole period of their custody. Ultimately, the price that is paid is catasthropic in both terms of dollars and human suffering. Their negative and destructive behavior exists within the context of their feelings of victimization, Anger and self-contempt and must be therapeutically diffused. When such detainees are taught how to manage their anger and rage appropriately, they become more capable of emotionally and psychologically coping with the reality of their situation and circumstances. They cease to be violent, feel inferior, worthless and act irresponsibly towards staff, other detainees and themselves. Slowly, their self-respect and humanity is restored.

Back to top

Available Training Programs for Correctional Facilities  

Half Day Introductory Workshop (4 hours)
Small Group Anger Clinics (2 hours)
Individual Anger Therapy Session (1 hour)
Anger Management Training Program For Staff and Counselors 5 weekly sessions (4 hours each)

Back to top

Recommended Reading Materials  

Managing and Coping with Anger $12.95
View this book listing

Back to top


"On behalf of our entire team, I would like to thank you for the very excellent Anger Management seminar you conducted for the inmates in Division One.  The response to your presentation has been overwhelming and very positive. We look foward to having you with us again very soon."  
Henry Troka, Supt. Cook County Sheriff Dept. Chicago, IL

"Thanks again for your very profound and excellent workshop on Anger Management presented to our Pastorial Counselors last week.  It will certainly enhance our abillity to provide guidance and relief to the many officers seeking our services. Thanks for doing such a great job!"  
Dr. Sharon Ellis-Williams Minister Pastorial Counseling Dept. Chicago Police Dept.

Call (312) 490-4301 to schedule your customized anger clinic or program today.

Back to top